Types of Anxiety and Possible Treatments

Firstly, let’s dispel some misinformation. Contrary to what some media outlets might have you believe, anxiety is not necessarily a bad thing but is rather a part of everyday life. Indeed, in many situations, anxiety can be beneficial, giving you a heightened state of alertness and a greater ability to avert danger. It can also often make you perform better e.g. before a job interview or speaking in public.

However, if anxiety starts to take over your life and you feel this same increased sense of alertness on a regular basis, it can have detrimental effects on your health and general well-being.

Different types of anxiety

As you might expect, there are different types of anxiety disorders that can affect people in very different ways. The most common include:

Social anxiety disorder: Social anxiety is possibly the most common of all anxieties and the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) estimates the disorder affects around 15 million US adults. The condition typically develops in the early teenage years and can last many years – so much so, around one-third of social anxiety sufferers wait 10 or more years before seeking treatment. Social anxiety is typified by a fear of judgment or humiliation by others.

Generalized anxiety disorder: Generalized anxiety disorder (sometimes referred to as GAD) is universal anxiety caused by no particular thing or reason - in other words, sufferers are just anxious all the time without any specific catalyst. The ADAA suggests around 6.8 million Americans suffer from GAD every year.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (also known as OCD) manifests itself in the need to perform rep